Propane is a gas, although it may be converted into a liquefied form. It's a byproduct of petroleum refining and natural gas processing. Propane is widely used as a fuel for central heating, barbecue sets, engines and portable stoves. When butane is added to propane it is liquefied and known as LPG, liquefied petroleum gas. Propane was first recognized in 1910 and was patented as a process of extraction in 1913. By the Twenties it was in mass production and being used in millions of homes in the United States.
Propane is plentiful in supply but limited in its potential because it is a byproduct of petroleum refining. Its supply and availability is closely tied to the provision and availability of petroleum. While petroleum is widely available as a source of fuel, so is propane. However, the place (or when) petroleum is in brief provide, propane can't be relied upon to be a suitable alternative fuel because its provide will in turn be affected by the scarcity of one of many key elements vital for its production.
A major advantage of using propane fuel is that it is relatively value effective. For the cash paid, it produces many more units of energy than many different fuel sources. It is an efficient-burning fuel, and propane home equipment have a much shorter energy financial savings payback interval than many other fuel sources. This means that the initial outlay to provide the equipment for propane burning pays for itself more quickly once a budget price of the particular fuel is taken into account.
Propane is quite a safe energy source, but it does have risks. It is flamable, and as with any flammable gas a leak can be doubtlessly devastating. It is heavier than air, so any propane leak in an enclosed area will sink and turn into concentrated at the floor stage, the place it might keep away from detection. Also, propane is stored under high pressure, making any sudden decompression or rupture of its container an event of violent force.
A major advantage of using propane gas as fuel is that compared to many other fuel sources it is environmentally friendly. In practical phrases this implies that it meets the clean air energy standards of the Environmental Protection Agency. It is nontoxic and soluble in water, and because it is a gas it can not spill, form pools or leave environmentally damaging residues.
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